Obstruction of the veins is a condition caused by a blood clot in the vein. This obstruction is the main cause of venous insufficiency.This hiders the normal flow of blood the legs, arms and other organs back to the heart. A patient with venous obstruction has veins filled with blood, especially when standing.
What causes venous insufficiency?
When there is a venous obstruction, the forward flow is prevented. The major cause of such obstruction is a blood clot in the vein. On the hand, the valves of the veins may get damaged causing a condition known as varicose vein. Obstruction and varicose veins hider the forward flow of blood causing venous insufficiency. Besides, weak leg muscles that help push the blood forward can also lead to venous insufficiency. Other risk factors that can lead to this condition include:
- Old age.
- Injury to the legs.
- Family history of the condition.
- Long periods of sitting or standing.
How would you know your suffering from venous insufficiency?
The symptoms of venous insufficiency are usually bothersome especially at the initial stages. The severity of the symptoms goes down in the middle phase, and then worsen at an advanced stage. The common symptoms are:
- Swelling of the legs.
- Pain in the legs that become worse when standing.
- Pain that eases whenever the legs are raised.
- Cramping in legs.
- Change in the skin color around the ankle.
- The skin on the legs thickens and become harder.
- Prominent varicose veins.
Prevention measures for venous insufficiency.
As always, prevention is better than cure. Especially where there is a family history of this condition, prevention measures must be observed. Venous insufficiency could be prevented through the following steps.
- Maintaining the necessary body weight. Weight loss is necessary if you are already overweight.
- Regular body exercise.
- Avoid smoking. It is harmful for blood circulation.
- Avoid sitting or standing in one position for very long.
Venous insufficiency is a bothersome condition, but now with the risk factors, causes and prevention measures well outlined, you can stay free of this condition in your entire life.